Materials & Applications performed its fifth MatterApp workshop, Bitter Melon, constructing a bamboo structure for the National Bitter Melon Council. The piece titled, “Promiscuous Production: Breeding is Bittersweet,” is located at the base of the Japanese Pavillion at LACMA, adjacent to the tar pits, and opens to the public on June 27th, 2010. The structure is visible as the melons grow and fills in over the next several weeks.
The project is part of EATLACMA, a year-long program at the museum designed to explore food as a curatorial theme, drawing works from the permanent collection and from artists in the Los Angeles community.
EATLACMA is curated by Fallen Fruit and Michelle Urton, and will generate gardens on LACMA’s campus in addition to a host of events and workshops.
Over three weekends, M&A hosted a series of free community workshops to construct a sculptural bamboo trellis for experimenting with melon genetics, attempting to cross-pollinate bitter melons with sweet melons. Artists Jeremy Liu and Hiroko Kikuchi, collectively known as the National Bitter Melon Council, educated community volunteers that melons are considered a “promiscuous fruit”. Their hope is that the bitter and the sweet melons will mingle over the summer, producing a bitter-sweet melon. Brian Janeczko, the lead fabricator at M&A, led the project, given his extensive and creative experience with bamboo as a building material.
For the first weekend, volunteers successfully harvested over 200 poles of bamboo from the LACMA campus, which were then sliced, trimmed, and prepped. As a result of prototyping and experimenting with bamboo and its material properties, it was discovered that the bamboo at the LACMA campus was less likely to bend, and more likely to kink like a drinking straw. As a solution to this issue, Janeczko utilized propane heat torches to steam the bamboo from the inside, allowing the bamboo to arc more easily.
The second weekend marked the beginning of the trellis construction. With sited flags and rebar on the ground, two poles of bamboo stock were carefully heated and molded to an arc, lashed together with jute, and inserted into its corresponding rebar. The resulting vertical components of the trellis frame formed a carefully spaced singular tunnel that bifurcates into two arching tunnels, referencing the genetic experiments of the melon's themselves.
During the third weekend, volunteers installed and lashed the diagonal bracing to the bamboo arches to provide support for the overall sculpture. Finally, planters were installed on all sides of the trellis so that the melons can begin to grow over the structure.
The garden officially opens to the public on June 27th, 2010, but the trellis structure is already visible to the public. In the coming months, the melon vines will weave themselves onto the bamboo trellis, culminating in a melon harvest festival on November 7th, 2010.
The MatterApp series this spring marks not only M&A's increasingly experimental methods for social building projects but also our expansion into building projects in different locations. For this project Brian Janeczko, long time MatterApp team member and bamboo experimenter was selected to lead the workshops as we refined our now finely honed techniques for harvesting, prepping and constructing with bamboo. Our original weaving strategy was not compatible with the breed of bamboo that grows at LACMA but Brian's extensive knowledge in torch bending bamboo and the wealth of volunteer experience after a workshop we had on bamboo bending earlier this year, lead to a strong and smooth construction that everyone is satisfied with.
BITTER MELON bit·ter mel·on (noun)
1: The edible fruit of the plant Momordica Charantia. The bitter melon grows in tropical and subtropical climates. The name ‘bitter’ comes from the bitter taste of this vegetable, considered the most bitter among all edible vegetables.
2: A long, warty, and very bitter fruit used in global cuisine, healing practice, and art. A member of the gourd family, it possesses qualities that can be used as food, medicine, and as instigators of situations that promote conversation and community.
Bitter Melon, also known as Balsam pear, balsamina (Spanish), ku gua or foo gwa (Chinese), and assorossie (French), is a truly unique and bitter ingredient that is not yet well known in the United States.
Bitter compounds evolved in plants as a mechanism to deter consumption by animals. Humans, unlike other mammals, are the only creatures to have developed a palate (or taste) for bitterness. Bitterness defines our humanity!
Read more at the Nation Bitter Melon Council!